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Housing Leads the Economy Up AND Down
Posted By Barry Ritholtz On June 12, 2006 @ 6:49 am In Consumer Spending,Economy,Investing,Real Estate | Comments Disabled
Two weeks ago, we looked at a few Housing related charts, and discussed what they meant for the overall real estate market .
This morning, we look at
three four charts that I believe are telling about both the past 3 years, as well as the next few.
First up is a longer term glance of mortgage rates:
30 Year Fixed Mortgage; 1970-2006
click for larger chart
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis 
Pretty astounding first how low rates were driven by Easy Al, and second, all the sturm und drung over what is essentially a rise to historically modest levels. Note thta during most of the 1980s, when Reagan was Prez and the great Bull market in histroy got underway, mortgage rates were above 10% — but falling — for nearly the entire decade.
This chart suggests (at least to me) how feeble the economy has been, and reveals that it was very dependent upon Real Estate as an engine of growth.
The second chart up uses the University of Michigan sentiment survey of Housing, as a leading forecastor for GDP:
How does Housing sentiment forecast GDP ?
"The University of Michigan regularly surveys consumers on whether or not it is a “good time” to purchase a home. This survey attempts to gauge whether or not consumers feel (a) housing is a good investment, (b) housing prices are low and there are good deals available, (c) interest rates are low, and (d) times are good. The index has ranged from 53 (low) to 87 (high) over the past eighteen years and is currently at 57 indicating that consumers do not feel it is a “good time” to buy a house. This is likely due to high home prices and rising interest rates as well as a growing belief that housing is unlikely to be a good investment going forward. Interestingly, the University of Michigan survey on housing tends to lead U.S. economic growth by a few quarters (chart above). The sharp deterioration in this survey from 75 early last year to 57 now suggests the U.S. economy should start to slow soon."
Let’s put this into more concrete terms than "GDP." How about Consumer Spending ?
Consumer Spending versus Housing Index; 1986-2006
Add these three charts together, and we see an anemic, post crash, real estate dependent economy, so feeble that a rise in Mortgage rates from 46 year lows to 35-40 year lows as fatal.
I’ve said this so many times, please forgive me for repeating myself: As goes real estate, so goes the US economy.
UPDATE June 12, 2006 11:30am
One last chart:
Source: Northern Trust 
This shows how dependent Households have become on Real Estate for their net worth improvement (I’d like to find out exactly how much these numbers deviate from historical norms).
UPDATE: June 14, 2006 6:48 am
I’ve been meaning to reference this informative post from the Housing Bubble  blog:
Housing Market ‘Jinxed’ By ‘The Obvious Reason’ 
U.S. Credit Perspectives 
PIMCO, June 2006
Net worth of Households and Real Estate 
Northern Trust, June 08, 2006
Article printed from The Big Picture: http://www.ritholtz.com/blog
URL to article: http://www.ritholtz.com/blog/2006/06/housing-leads-the-economy-up-and-down/
URLs in this post:
 overall real estate market: http://bigpicture.typepad.com/comments/2006/05/real_estate_dat.html
 Image: http://bigpicture.typepad.com/.shared/image.html?/photos/uncategorized/mortg_max_800_480.png
 Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis: http://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/series/MORTG/114/Max?cs=Large&crb=on&cosd=1971-04-01&coed=2006-05-01
 Image: http://bigpicture.typepad.com/.shared/image.html?/photos/uncategorized/housing_leading_gdp_1.png
 Image: http://bigpicture.typepad.com/.shared/image.html?/photos/uncategorized/weak_spending.png
 Image: http://bigpicture.typepad.com/.shared/image.html?/photos/uncategorized/gains_from_re.png
 Northern Trust: http://web-xp2a-pws.ntrs.com/content//media/attachment/data/econ_research/0606/document/dd060806.pdf
 Housing Bubble: http://thehousingbubbleblog.com/
 Housing Market ‘Jinxed’ By ‘The Obvious Reason’: http://thehousingbubbleblog.com/?p=848
 U.S. Credit Perspectives: http://www.pimco.com/LeftNav/Regional+Market+Commentary/Global+Credit+Perspectives/2006/Kiesel_For_Sale_06+2005.htm
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