China – better days ahead?

China’s manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) strengthened for a third consecutive month in February, climbing to 49.0% from 45.3% the previous month. Li & Fung Research Centre reports that there were some encouraging signs: all sub-indices were higher than their respective levels in the previous month though many were still lower than the critical level of 50% (i.e. still contracting).

In particular, both the Output Index and the New Orders Index rebounded to the expansionary zone of higher than 50% for the first time since September last year. In addition, the New Export Orders Index grew strongly by 9.7 percentage points to 43.4% in February, compared to the previous month.

The improved PMI numbers, together with the government’s additional stimulus package, probably mark a trough in the GDP growth cycle. Andrew Pyle of ScotiaMcLeod, as reported by CEP News said: “Estimates for the country’s growth outlook in 2009 have also started to levitate from the alarming 5-6% suggestions earlier this year back to 8%. Not as lofty as what we have been used to, but firm enough to put a floor under commodity prices …”

Some of the recent headlines from China Economic Net give an indication of the Beijing’s strong emphasis on boosting growth.

NDRC: Further shut down backward production facilities [03-05-2009]

NDRC: China’s outbound investment up 13.2% [03-05-2009]
China to further reform power pricing system [03-05-2009]
China to put more funds to support SMEs [03-05-2009]
China aims for 20% growth in fixed asset investment in 09 [03-05-2009]
China to invest 716.1b yuan in agriculture [03-05-2009]
China aims 1.58% of 2009 GDP in research and development [03-05-2009]
China stresses domestic demand in stimulating growth [03-05-2009]
China aims for 17% growth in money supply in 09 [03-05-2009]
China pledges 42b yuan employment support [03-05-2009]
China pledges hefty investment to boost agriculture [03-05-2009]
China budgets record-high fiscal deficit [03-05-2009]
Wen urges efforts to promote export [03-05-2009]
China to continue active fiscal policy for growth [03-05-2009]
New body planned to run underperforming SOEs [03-05-2009]
Official: Spend more to boost economy [03-05-2009]

Let’s focus on a few graphs in order to gain a better understanding of China’s economic situation.

First up is the relationship between China’s PMI for new orders and the Baltic Dry Index – measuring freight rates of iron ore and bulk goods – showing both indices turning up from last year’s lows.


Source: Plexus Asset Management (based on data from I-Net Bridge)

Next, China’s PMI for stocks of major inputs shows the deterioration has probably bottomed and, based on the close relationship with the Metals Index, should put a floor under commodity prices.


Source: Plexus Asset Management (based on data from I-Net Bridge)


Source: Plexus Asset Management (based on data from I-Net Bridge)

And finally, China’s improving PMI seems to indicate that the country might have seen the worst of the GDP growth statistics. (The Hong Kong PMI is used as a proxy of the Chinese PMI prior to 2004.)


Source: Plexus Asset Management (based on data from I-Net Bridge)

The Chinese Shanghai Composite Index is still down 63.9% from its high of October 2007, but has recovered strongly since its November 4 low (+27.8%) and is also the top performer for the year to date (+20.7%). As mentioned before, the chart pattern of the Index shows arguably one of the most bullish formations of the major stock market indices (see graph below).

The chart (top section) shows a pattern of rising lows, supported by the four-month trend line and the 50-day moving average, with the 200-day moving average within sight. Also, Chinese stocks have outperformed the Dow Jones World Index by 87% over the past six months (see rising relative price-performance line in bottom section of chart) and the S&P 500 Index by a similar magnitude (not shown).


The Chinese believe good and bad follow each other closely. It is therefore also comforting to learn that the Year of the Ox is a sign of prosperity and has been very rewarding in the history of China. Will China’s command economy come to the Western world’s rescue? Time will tell, but there are rays of light, not least of which is a bullish-looking Chinese stock market.


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7 Responses to “China – better days ahead?”

  1. usphoenix says:

    Wow. How very cool that 5.67% growth is viewed badly. And what was the view during the Cultural Revolution?

    And what exactly does that mean for the US? $140/b oil again. Doesn’t seem like anything good for China is good for us except when they feel rich enough to buy our debt. Well may be they’d rather buy debt from Greece.

    So, I’m confused. Is China’s zoom based on their export balance or what?

    Does that mean they’re finding their own internal consumption to fuel their growth? And don’t need us anymore?

  2. JohnnyVee says:

    I think that China may have learned how to fluff the numbers.
    Q. How does it grow in all others contract?
    A. It doesn’t, but the numbers do.

  3. johnbaring says:

    This is illogical. We have a world economy not a bunch of national economies. This is especially true with China whose major revenue is from exports. Who is placing these orders and on what basis? Those are the businesses we should be looking at. Or is this, as others have said, fluff?

  4. arcticpup says:

    maybe… internal consumption they do have 1 billion people… that’s alot of consuming… and if the government is starting to spend… they’ll tax to keep going… it’s not that hard to believe they are fueling there own growth.

  5. what_what says:

    Is China’s own consumption enough to keep them on their projected growth path? It seems like they will be affected by depressed US markets no matter what, given their reliance on exports. This news clip has some perspectives from Chinese citizens, and they sound a lot like American citizens being interviewed about the economy – worried and gloomy.

  6. dunnage says:

    How could anybody imagine China being anything but screwed like the rest of the world?