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The Wall Street Journal – GOP’s Budget Targets Taxes
House Republicans, searching for an election-year message amid a muddled political and economic landscape, will introduce a 2013 budget Tuesday that cuts tax rates and provides for just two individual brackets of 10% and 25%. The budget would end the Alternative Minimum Tax, which originally was aimed at the wealthy but ensnares a growing number of middle-class taxpayers each year. The plan would nearly eliminate U.S. taxes on American corporations’ earnings from overseas operations…The plan doesn’t specify the income levels that would fall into the two brackets, so an independent assessment of its impact on the nation’s economy and finances is impossible. GOP leaders say they will keep the government’s tax income from plunging by killing an array of tax breaks. But they didn’t say what those would be, prompting criticism that they were promising low tax rates without saying how they would be paid for.

The Wall Street Journal – Incoming: A History of the U.S. Income Tax
President Lincoln enacted the first income tax to help fund the Civil War. The rates: 3% on incomes between $600 to $10,000, and 5% on incomes above $10,000. That factoid comes from a handy infographic produced by tax-preparation software company TurboTax on the history of the U.S. income tax. Among the other interesting tidbits in this capsule timeline, which details to top rate every year since 1913: LBJ was a tax cutter (he lowered the top rate to 77% from the infamous 91%). For the full timeline, click here.

Bloomberg.com – Tax the Rich More, but Make the System Better, Not Worse
In this age of austerity, many governments are looking for ways to fill gaps in their budgets by taxing the rich more. These proposals make for great politics, but terrible economics. This week, the U.K.’s coalition government will produce its budget for the next year. Among proposals being discussed between the coalition partners is a so-called mansion tax — an annual 1 percent levy on homes worth more than 2 million pounds ($3.2 million). In Russia, meanwhile, President-elect Vladimir Putin has put forward a luxury tax to be levied on purchasers of high- end cars and real estate. In France, the Socialist Party’s presidential candidate, Francois Hollande, is proposing a 75 percent tax rate on earnings above 1 million euros ($1.3 million). His conservative opponent, President Nicolas Sarkozy, has parried with proposals to tax the worldwide revenue of large French corporations and to collect taxes from fiscal exiles. Hollande’s plan may in turn have been inspired by the debate in the U.S., where President Barack Obama has proposed a surtax on Americans with incomes of more than $1 million. The plan is known as the Buffett Rule, after Warren Buffett, who argued for higher taxes on billionaires like himself. Buffett should surely not pay a lower tax rate than his employees. But few of these proposals would make a dent in the budget deficits facing the countries involved. Buffett’s own effective tax rate is lowered by the large proportion of his income that comes from dividends and capital gains, which incur lower tax rates than regular earnings. It isn’t clear a surtax on the rich would change that.

Comment

As taxes are sure to be a hot topic for the upcoming U.S. election, both Democrats and Republicans are drafting plans on ways to bring in more revenue to close the deficit.  While much of the focus will be on income tax rates, the charts below illustrate that capital gains are actually a far more important determinant in how much revenue is brought in.
Income data for 2009 and 2010 was finally released by the IRS this month. The last update through 2008 was released almost two years ago.  With this update, the following charts can now be updated.

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The massive drop in capital gains shown above confirms the cause of the recent drop in tax receipts shown in the chart below. Currently, tax receipts as a percentage of GDP are at a 50-year low.

The drop in total receipts is not a factor of the public being “under-taxed” as the Democrats/President argue. As the first chart of this post illustrates, tax rates have not changed in almost 10 years.  Falling revenues are a function of capital gains’ disappearance.

To underscore the importance of capital gains, see the following chart. It shows the relationship between capital gains and the deficit both before and after the 1986 tax act. Since 1986, capital gains have had a strong relationship with the deficit.

How does Washington close the massive budget deficit? Don’t raise tax rates, help create capital gains!

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Source: Bianco Research

Category: Think Tank

Please use the comments to demonstrate your own ignorance, unfamiliarity with empirical data and lack of respect for scientific knowledge. Be sure to create straw men and argue against things I have neither said nor implied. If you could repeat previously discredited memes or steer the conversation into irrelevant, off topic discussions, it would be appreciated. Lastly, kindly forgo all civility in your discourse . . . you are, after all, anonymous.

8 Responses to “Blame The Loss Of Capital Gains For The Deficit”

  1. VennData says:

    ‘… they didn’t say what those would be, prompting criticism that they were promising low tax rates without saying how they would be paid for….’

    Why would anyone have a scintilla of doubt that the GOP will cut your rate, a lot, and that it will honestly not increase the deficit dramatically? It’s not like they’ve every done it before.

  2. VennData says:

    How can you put these two sentences, one right after the other, and not laugh at yourself Bianco.

    ‘… Currently, tax receipts as a percentage of GDP are at a 50-year low…

    …The drop in total receipts is not a factor of the public being “under-taxed” as the Democrats/President argue….”

    You’re a whack job.

  3. Greg0658 says:

    my interaction in the big world from my booth here ..
    yesterday I was on a tear .. the events, the speeches on how (that person) will do better for the world

    I realized I’m an empty bunch of ideas expressed in pictures too / without a real world way to arrive at said utopia
    (if that is ever possible in this jungle)

    1st this thread title was a bit missworded – sometimes that grabs eyes by being different .. thats the state of television (the consciousness setter- thats their mission) these days and where I place much blame “the kids are out of step to provide for self & us”
    > its shock value .. Andy Griffith and Mayberry used to be shocking (or just new)

    Biancos comment in the Bloomberg item got me riled “These proposals make for great politics, but terrible economics.”

    I’m starting to realize how big these issues are – we have a DEMAND problem in a world overbuilt* .. we have LAWS set that set the jungle game board up .. world wars have a way of aligning minds ..

    a couple days ago I was not riled up enough to post under the NPR piece on how the weather is helping the GDP .. I wanted to point out that they missed a whole reality under that piece (maybe it showed up in the next hours piece) ie: Weather Destruction creates DEMAND

    so Bianco … the point I’m trying to get across and failing – is: the(a) method to live peaceably on planet earth in an age of immense destructive powers by finances, weather, man, and not least, machine processes set up and in place

    its so easy to tear down – it probably at least 10 times easier

    bottom line is the system is working for most big businesses .. not so much for government entities and people laborers .. and YOU CANT SURVIVE WITHOUT EITHER on your side .. get over the fact that everyone always wants more

    I see a coda below that points to a point – demand created by population but has adverse reverse back – we reached 1 step forward 2 steps back with these systems – you’ll see

    * includes people

  4. Blissex says:

    The worst things are that a lot of those capital gains are ordinary income recycled as capital gains to allow high income taxpayers to be taxed at a lower rate, and that most capital gains for the average patsies were tax-free (house price, retirement account) and entirely driven by debt boosting asset prices without any real increase in demand, purely redistributive politics.

  5. wally says:

    To me, your second and third charts illustrate a different theme than what you suggest… they show that high capital gains are strongly correlated to bubbles and are sure signs of impending collapse.

  6. jaymaster says:

    The MMT’ers (and now MMR’ers) would describe the relationship in the other direction.

    I.E., Deficits drive capital gains. Or at least drive profits, and then assume the capital gains follow the profits.

    Cullen Roche coincidentally had a post on that very topic today.

    http://pragcap.com/where-are-corporate-profits-headed

  7. bear_in_mind says:

    I totally disagree with Bianco. A more accurate title would be: “Blame Loss of Revenues on Misguided Tax Policies”.

    In fact, the data suggests a very strong correlation between lower marginal tax rates and increased economic volatility. These boom/bust cycles have wrought progressively severe damage to the American economy, but have been of enormously beneficial to the uber-wealthy.

    So contrary to Bianco, I see these charts indicating the benefit of HIGHER marginal tax rates, including capital gains, to curb recurrent cycles of misallocated resources.

  8. rfreeborn says:

    Bianco – it would be helpful if you actually showed what the total dollars in lost revenue is compared to total dollars in lost capital gains tax i.e. if we only lost $1 because of lower capital gains but lost $100 in revenue then this idea is a waste of time.