Reducing Energy Weight
David R. Kotok
Cumberland Advisors, July 29, 2013



Last week we reduced our energy exposure to underweight. It had been overweight for a while, and we successfully participated in the rebound in natural gas prices and the narrowing of the spread between Brent and WTI (West Texas Intermediate) oil.

It now looks as if prices for oil, natural gas, and related products may fall. A confluence of events suggests that can happen, to wit:

1) Worldwide economic growth is slow and appears to be continuing at a very low rate.
2) Inventories seem to be balanced, and China’s inventory seems to be up.
3) Geopolitical risks are apparent, including in Egypt and Syria. There is also energy-related turmoil in northern Nigeria and the usual tensions in the Persian Gulf and Iran.
4) The weather is taking pressure off energy pricing.

With permission, we have posted Jim Roemer’s discussion of colder-than-normal weather in the US and its impact on natural gas prices in the “Special Reports” section of our website. Here is the link:
Our energy-specific ETFs (exchange-traded funds) have been sold. We anticipate there will be some reduction in pricing power in the oil and natural gas sector.

Another variable that exerts lower energy-pricing pressure is the ongoing possible strengthening of the US dollar. As monetary policies unfold out of the United Kingdom and Japan, the likelihood for the dollar to strengthen is rising. The unknown in the monetary equation is the ECB (European Central Bank).

The ECB awaits decisions to be made by the German Constitutional Court in a matter of months. The court could dismember the ability of the ECB to participate in sovereign debt purchases and the expansion of monetary stimulus. Most observers believe, however, that an extreme decision is not likely and that some middle-of-the-road guidance will probably be delivered by the court instead.

If the ECB can begin a process of QE, this move will change the game radically in favor of a stronger US dollar. The euro continues to emerge as the strongest of the G4 currencies because its central bank balance sheet has not been expanding, while others’ balance sheets have been. In a world where the Fed (Federal Reserve) may soon be reducing QE by “tapering” even as the rest of the G4 central banks are expanding their balance sheets through various forms of QE, it is likely that the US dollar will strengthen.

We also see signs of a stronger dollar in the buildup and the stability of world reserves, of which the US dollar is the largest single component. We see growing crossover buying originating from abroad in our state and local government bonds sector, simply because the highest-grade US municipals are nonsensically cheap relative to Treasuries and are attracting the attention of foreigners. Even as Americans are missing this great opportunity, astute investors from abroad are seizing it.

A stronger dollar with incoming flows from abroad suggests that the Treasury bond market could rally. Yields could fall once the Fed dispels uncertainty over QE by clarifying its policy direction. We expect that is coming as well.

Falling energy prices relieve any inflationary pressures arising from the energy patch, which constitutes a large input component in pricing. Think about what it means when the prices of oil and natural gas and all their derivative products are poised to fall instead of rise. The inflation rate in the US could approach zero. In such an environment, it is highly unlikely that interest rates on bonds will rise further – and possibly, with economic slowing, they could fall.

We have gone from overweight to underweight in energy. We have realigned our ETF portfolios accordingly and do not expect inflationary pressures to come from the energy patch for some time.


David R. Kotok, Chairman and Chief Investment Officer, Cumberland Advisors

Category: Asset Allocation, Energy, Think Tank

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3 Responses to “Reducing Energy Weighting”

  1. Iamthe50percent says:

    Thanks very much for the warning! I was about to switch my 401K allocation in the opposite direction, to underweight US small-cap and expand the International fund.

    Teaks also for the free advice on munis, but they don’t make sense in an IRA, do they?

    • Manonash says:

      With AAA and AA munis yielding more than treasuries, you could buy them in an IRA for yield and capital gain. Also, high grade closed end muni funds like IIM are trading at a discount to NAV, which should revert over time, adding to potential capital gain.

  2. Frwip says:

    The ECB awaits decisions to be made by the German Constitutional Court in a matter of months.

    Well, no. Not really. It’s actually a bit more complicated than that.

    The Federal Constitutional Court of Germany aka BVerfG doesn’t have jurisdiction on the ECB. Only the European Court of Justice does. And right now, the ECB awaits precious nothing from Karlsruhe.

    Germans love to make a big show of their national constitutional strictures. BVerfG’s post-ratification challenges to treaties is one of Germany’s tactics when it wants to drag its feet and force a renegotiation, along with using its multilayer lander-federal governmental structure to delay, delay, delay whatever it doesn’t want to do (while being remarkably nimble when it wants something from its partners).

    But, in practice, for its very loud mouth, BVerfG has never dared decide anything of substance against European institutions and set itself up for a pissing contest against the European Court of Justice (a pissing contest it would lose). Its only decisions (which apply only to Germany) contra Brussels have been on matters it knew the European Court of Justice would decide in the same exact way, if Germany was to be challenged in turn in front of the ECJ. So, it’s really a show.

    It’s even more of a show this time that, under the guise of a challenge against German laws, the BVerfG is actually asked to decide directly on the compliance of of the policies of a European institution with European treaties, which would open the case for a major league swatting by the ECJ, all the more that the president of the ECJ is a Greek. A solo gambit by BVerfG is very unlikely, to say the least.

    The only case where BVerfG would render an adversarial ruling is if there is already a consensus within the German elite for an all-out confrontation with Brussels and the rest of the EU, and Berlin feels ready for it, whatever Germany’s goals may be. If anything dramatic happens, it won’t be BVerfG’s own decision. At most, BVerfG would be a messenger. Then, things would get really interesting in Europe. The stillbirth of Euro-QE would probably be the least of it.

    In any case, it’s up to Berlin, not Karlsruhe. Que sera, sera.