Posts filed under “Research”

TBP “Déjà Vu All Over Again” Post

Warning:  The following post is offered in the spirit of shameless self-promotion.

Those who prowl the web and consume all manner of economic research probably saw some things late last week that looked eerily familiar.  Maybe you could place them, maybe you couldn’t.  Perhaps you wondered, “Where have I seen that before?”  Well, in at least two cases, you saw it right here at TBP.

The St. Louis Fed published a piece titled A Jump in Consumer Loans? that analyzed the recent “spike” in consumer loans that, upon further review, wasn’t a spike at all:

At first glance, the upward spike in consumer loans during the months of March and April 2010 (see Figure 1) seems to suggest a dramatic expansion in credit. The spike itself could be seen as a strong signal that banks have loosened credit standards or have originated more consumer loans in the wake of an improving economy.  While there have been improvements in consumer loans recently, the dramatic increases over the past few months have been caused by a new reporting requirement issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board.

They proceeded to show an adjusted chart that took the FASB changes into account:

TBP readers may recall that we showed the following chart on April 26:

(Note:  Difference in appearance due mostly to timeline — I went to 2011, St. Louis Fed only through March 2010 — and a bit to scale — 900 v. 920.)

That consumer loans had miraculously rebounded to a new all time high was, at the time, a badly mistaken talking point that was beginning to gain some traction.

Moving on, we observed after the release of May ISM, and just before May NFP, that there was a relationship between the two that seemed to bode ill for the future of the labor market (see our post here on June 3).  ISM seems to have peaked in April at just over 60 and now appears headed lower.  We looked at the lag between ISM and payrolls and concluded that the payroll situation is bleak because we are not creating jobs rapidly enough in light of the fact that ISM seems to be rolling over.  To illustrate the point, we presented a chart (which I’ve updated through last week’s releases):

Crack economist David Rosenberg presented his readers with the same chart last week, but with considerably more information about the relationship.  (Note that my chart goes back further than Dave’s, but they are identical from 1978 on.)

Said Rosie about this relationship:

ISM leads employment growth with a six-month lead time and with a decent 73% correlation.

The ISM is useful because it is timely, highly cyclical, moves in regular patterns and goes all the way back to 1948!

But here’s the rub. Never before have we hit a peak in ISM with employment growth still negative. That has never happened prior to this post-bubble experience. What is normal, and there are 15 ISM cycles over the past 62 years, is that job growth is positive at the ISM peak, and that peak, more often than not, is around 60 as was the case this time around in April.

On average, at the peak in ISM, year-over-year payroll growth is running at 3% and has another six months to go in terms of acceleration before the trend reverses. The median is 2.5%, as is the mode. And, the range is +1.0-5.3%. This time around, the pace was -1.1%. This means that not only will we never get back to the old pre-recession highs in employment, but that the jobless rate is going to grind ever higher in coming quarters and, in turn, that means so long as the laws of supply and demand are still relevant as far as the labour market is concerned, wages move from disinflation towards outright deflation.

So there you have it –  a twofer of “read it here firsts.”

TBP — worth every dime you pay for it.

Category: Data Analysis, Economy, Employment, Research

“Recovery” Bypassing Small Businesses

The National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB) released its monthly Small Business Economic Trends (SBET) survey, and the outlook for small businesses is still not good.  The NFIB counts its membership at about 350,000 small businesses. The overall Optimism Index declined in the month of March to 86.8, roughly the same level it was at…Read More

Category: Data Analysis, Economy, Markets, Psychology, Research

Exonerating the Shorts

Interesting discussion by the always worth reading Mark Hulbert about a recent research paper on Short Selling. While I agree with the paper’s conclusion, it overlooks two major related issues regarding short selling. Let’s look at a few excerpts first: “Short-selling became particularly controversial during the recent bear market, when many of its practitioners turned…Read More

Category: Research, Short Selling

NBER: Having It Both Ways?

There seems to be growing consensus that the recession ended some time in mid-2009 (June or July), and we recently pointed out that regional St. Louis Fed economists have placed their bets on a July 2009 trough. Now it’s up to the NBER. We know that they weigh a variety of economic indicators, including Employment, Industrial…Read More

Category: Data Analysis, Economy, Research

The St. Louis Fed has made it official, at least through their lens.  The recession ended in June 2009.  As you read here first in January, late last year the St. Louis Fed discontinued the use of  recession shading (thereby signalling its end) in its graphs as of mid-2009. They have now retooled their Tracking the Recession page to…Read More

Category: Cycles, Economy, Employment, Research

Luskin: Buy Stocks, Buy Citi (11/07) Sell Stocks (3/09)

Invictus is a bulge bracket asset manager with $100+ million AUM. He has no patience for money losers, hacks, partisans pretending to be financial analysts . . .  this is the first in a series of critical looks at analysts, media, economists, financial TV. Feel free to share any thoughts in comments. Here’s Invictus: ~~~…Read More

Category: Analysts, Media, Really, really bad calls, Research

Multibillion-Dollar Push Into Energy Research

> This is actually terrific news: “The Obama administration’s push to solve the nation’s energy problems, a massive federal program that rivals the Manhattan Project, is spurring a once-in-a-generation shift in U.S. science. The government’s multibillion-dollar push into energy research is reinvigorating 17 giant U.S.-funded research facilities, from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory here to…Read More

Category: Energy, Research

Sign Up for David Rosenberg (Merrill Lynch) Research

One of my more favored Wall Street researchers, the former Merrill Lynch North Amercian economist David Rosenberg, has moved on to Gluskin Sheff. Rosie’s new firm is making his research available for free, via email, on a trial basis. He should start publishing after the holiday weekend. You can sign up for what was formerly…Read More

Category: Research

Bank Market Caps, Then & Now

On Sunday, we looked at a charting error in a JPM research piece that compared bank market caps, then and now. It appeared the JPM analyst erroneously selected area rather than diameter in Excel. (Data can be found here). TBP Readers did a nice job taking JPM to school as to what the chart should…Read More

Category: Markets, Research

Failings in Structured Finance Agency Conflicts

As we begin to address regulatory reform in the financial services industry there is a clear consensus view that the credit rating agencies played a role in fomenting the crisis environment. In February 2007, Joe Mason and I presented a paper warning of the risks that CDO market problems would present in the capital markets…Read More

Category: Credit, Derivatives, Finance, Markets, Real Estate, Really, really bad calls, Research